|According to composer’s friend, prominent
Russian poet David Samoilov, “The outward pattern of Boris Tchaikovsky’s
life is simple. Its plot and content are in his
works. He grew up, he studied, and what followed is
Boris Alexandrovich Tchaikovsky (no relations to Pyotr Ilyich) was born in Moscow on September 10, 1925.
His father was an expert in statistics and economic geography (and also a capable self-taught violinist), and his mother was a medic (and it was she who urged him towards a musical career). The parents were talented individuals who worked very efficiently, knew literature and art well, and passionately loved music. The ethical principles inherited from the parents became his lifelong inner core.
|He entered the
Gnessin's Primary Musical School at the age of nine.
Among his first musical teachers were Alexandra
Golovina, Elena F. Gnessina. B.Tchaikovsky's first
teacher in composition was Eugeny Messner. Then
B.Tchaikovsky in due course proceeded to the Gnessin's
Specialized Musical School, where he studied with
Vissarion Shebalin, Igor Sposobin, A.Mutly.
In 1943 Boris entered into the
Moscow Conservatory where he first studied
composition with Vissarion Shebalin. In 1946 Dmitry
Shostakovich began teaching at the Conservatory, and
Shebalin recommended that Tchaikovsky move to his
But in 1948, during the
‘anti-Formalist’ campaign the Communist Party
launched against composers it felt had to be bent
into submission, Shostakovich and Shebalin were both
dismissed from the Conservatory. Their students were
declared the victims of ‘wrong’ teaching and so were
permitted to continue their education. During the
'anti-Formalist campaign' Boris Tchaikovsky refused
to renounce his teachers, proving the integrity and
strength of his character.
In 1969 Boris Tchaikovsky was
awarded by the USSR State Prize (for his Second
Symphony), and in 1985 he became a ‘People’s Artist’
of the USSR.
During the last
years of his life (from 1989 to 1996) he taught at
the Russian Academy of Music, where he was a
Professor in the department of composition.
Composers Stanislav Prokudin, Rade Radovich,
Alexander Khristianov, Elena Astafieva and Jakov
Kurochkin were the students in B.Tchaikovsky's
composition class; Yury
Abdokov was the pupil of Boris Tchaikovsky at the
Boris Tchaikovsky died on
February 7, 1996 in Moscow.